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What is it?

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for sending visual information from the eye to the brain. This damage can lead to loss of peripheral vision, which can eventually lead to blindness.

Eyes close up

Causes of Glaucoma

The exact cause of glaucoma is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of factors, including:

  • Increased intraocular pressure (IOP)

  • A family history of glaucoma

  • Age

  • Race

  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure

Symptoms of Glaucoma

In the early stages, glaucoma often has no symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may experience:

  • Blurred vision

  • Tunnel vision

  • Halos around lights

  • Pain in or around the eye

Diagnosis of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is diagnosed with a comprehensive eye exam, which may include:

  • Tonometry: This test measures the pressure inside your eye.

  • Ophthalmoscopy: This test allows your doctor to look at the back of your eye and examine the optic nerve.

  • Visual field test: This test measures your peripheral vision.

Treatment of Glaucoma

There is no cure for glaucoma, but there are treatments that can help slow the progression of the disease and prevent vision loss. Treatment options include:

  • Eye drops: Eye drops are the most common treatment for glaucoma. They work by reducing the amount of fluid in the eye, which helps to lower IOP.

  • Laser surgery: Laser surgery can help to open up the drainage channels in the eye, which helps to lower IOP.

  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to lower IOP.

  • Micro-Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS): MIGS is a minimally invasive type of glaucoma surgery that has a shorter recovery time than traditional glaucoma surgery. MIGS procedures are performed through small incisions in the eye, which helps to reduce the risk of complications.

Prevention of Glaucoma

There is no sure way to prevent glaucoma, but there are some things you can do to reduce your risk, including:

  • Getting regular eye exams

  • Controlling your blood pressure

  • Controlling your blood sugar

  • Quitting smoking

  • Eating a healthy diet

  • Exercising regularly



skilled ophthalmologists with a wide range of experience in treating a variety of eye conditions. They are committed to providing personalized, high-quality care.

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East Florida Eye Institute is a leading provider of glaucoma care in Stuart and Port St. Lucie. Our team of experienced ophthalmologists is dedicated to providing our patients with the highest quality care. We offer a wide range of treatment options for glaucoma, and we work with each patient to develop a treatment plan that meets their individual needs.

If you are concerned about glaucoma, please schedule an appointment with one of our ophthalmologists. We will be happy to answer your questions and discuss your treatment options.

Call us today to schedule an appointment!

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