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What is it?

​Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that affects the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. It is a complication of diabetes mellitus, a disease in which the body's ability to produce or use insulin is impaired. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy.


Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

The exact cause of diabetic retinopathy is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina, causing them to leak blood and fluid. This can lead to vision loss.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, there may be no symptoms. As the disease progresses, you may experience:

  • Blurred vision

  • Floaters

  • Dark spots in your vision

  • Pain in your eyes

  • Sensitivity to light

Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is diagnosed by an eye doctor during a comprehensive eye exam. The eye doctor will look at your retina and ask you about your symptoms. They may also perform tests, such as an ophthalmoscopy, to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy

There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy, but there are treatments that can help to prevent vision loss. Treatment options for diabetic retinopathy include:

  • Eye drops: Eye drops that lower blood sugar levels can help to slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy.

  • Laser treatment: Laser treatment can be used to seal leaking blood vessels in the retina. This can help to prevent vision loss.

  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat diabetic retinopathy. This is usually only done if other treatments have not been effective.

Prevention of Diabetic Retinopathy

There is no sure way to prevent diabetic retinopathy, but there are some things you can do to reduce your risk, including:

  • Control your blood sugar levels: The best way to prevent diabetic retinopathy is to control your blood sugar levels. This can be done by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking medication as prescribed by your doctor.

  • Get regular eye exams: People with diabetes should get regular eye exams, even if they have no symptoms. This is important because diabetic retinopathy can often be detected early, when it is easier to treat.



skilled ophthalmologists with a wide range of experience in treating a variety of eye conditions. They are committed to providing personalized, high-quality care.

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East Florida Eye Institute is a leading provider of diabetic retinopathy care in Stuart and Port St. Lucie. Our team of experienced ophthalmologists is dedicated to providing our patients with the highest quality care. We offer a wide range of treatment options for diabetic retinopathy, and we work with each patient to develop a treatment plan that meets their individual needs.

If you are concerned about diabetic retinopathy, please schedule an appointment with one of our ophthalmologists. We will be happy to answer your questions and discuss your treatment options.

Call us today to schedule an appointment!

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