A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye. Unfortunately, clouding of the lens is a normal part of aging. By 65 years of age, about half of Americans have some degree of clouding of the lens, and after age 75 as many as 70 percent have cataracts significant enough to impair vision. Cataracts can also be caused by diabetes, certain medications – such as steroids or trauma.
An example of the vision of a person with cataracts
More than 1.4 million people in the U.S. have cataract surgery each year. More than 95% of cataract surgeries are performed with no complications and improved vision.
You and your ophthalmologist should decide together when cataract surgery is appropriate for you. Cataract surgery is a common outpatient procedure performed using a topical anesthetic, causing little discomfort. The goal of the operation is to remove the cataract and insert a synthetic lens to replace the natural lens. Traditionally, the surgeon performs these tasks by making a tiny incision in the eye and then using an instrument about the size of a pen tip.
Glaucoma, often referred to as “the sneak thief of sight”, is a progressive disease that causes damage to the optic nerve. When a blocking of the drainage canal that lets fluid from inside your eye flow out occurs, the fluid builds up and causes high pressure. The increased intraocular pressure results in loss of nerve fiber layers than transmit information from the eye to the brain. Increased pressure is relative to each patient. As glaucoma damages the optic never, peripheral vision is lost at a slow speed without the patient realizing there is a problem.
Depending on the stage of your glaucoma, you may be a candidate for treatment. If treatment is initiated, the patient has a choice between glaucoma drops instilled in the eye daily to lower the eye pressure, or laser surgery to help the fluid drain from the eye thereby lowering the eye pressure.
If you believe you may have Cataracts or Glaucoma, schedule an appointment to see an Ophthalmologist at East Florida Eye Institute in Stuart, FL today.